Also in the Iliad, Zeus, the chief god, specifically assigns the sphere of war to Ares, the god of war, and Athena.  The Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center, inaugurated in 2016, will house the National Library of Greece and the Greek National Opera.. , This article is about a city in Greece.  Concerts and theatrical shows, such as those by the troupe Cirque du Soleil, have recently been held in the complex. It is the largest container port in East Mediterranean Sea Basin. Athens' other major stadium, located in the Piraeus area, is the Karaiskakis Stadium, a sports and entertainment complex, host of the 1971 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Final. There was an alternative story that Zeus swallowed Metis, the goddess of counsel, while she was pregnant with Athena, so that Athena finally emerged from Zeus. In the ensuing Greco-Persian Wars Athens, together with Sparta, led the coalition of Greek states that would eventually repel the Persians, defeating them decisively at Marathon in 490 BC, and crucially at Salamis in 480 BC. National and regional bus links are provided by KTEL from two InterCity Bus Terminals, Kifissos Bus Terminal A and Liosion Bus Terminal B, both located in the north-western part of the city. Useful Greek phrases. When Demetrius of Phalerum conducted a population census in 317 BC the population was 21,000 free citizens, plus 10,000 resident aliens and 400,000 slaves. Greece; Athens. It is also a major national hub for Intercity (Ktel) and international buses as well as for domestic and international rail transport. (1985).  The line connects the western suburbs of Athens with the southeast suburbs, passing through the center of Athens. In the 1950s and 1960s during the extension and development of Athens, other modern movements such as the International style played an important role. Books-in-Greek is the most recent and most complete Greek on-line bookstore ... Athens in Poems: To teleytaio reunion... more:: NewsLetter. "On the impact of urban climate on the energy consumption of buildings". 201–216. This legacy would continue as, later, Plato would found his Academy outside the walls of Athens in 385 BCE and, later, Aristotle 's Lyceum would be founded in the city center. ACHILLES Ἀχιλλεύς m Greek Mythology (Latinized), Ancient Greek (Latinized) From the Greek Ἀχιλλεύς (Achilleus), which is of unknown meaning, perhaps derived from Greek ἄχος (achos) meaning "pain" or else from the name of the Achelous River. Athens has hosted the Summer Olympic Games twice, in 1896 and 2004. , In Ancient Greek, the name of the city was Ἀθῆναι (Athênai, pronounced [atʰɛ̂ːnai̯] in Classical Attic) a plural. , Athens is served by the Athens International Airport (ATH), located near the town of Spata, in the eastern Messoghia plain, some 35 km (22 mi) east of center of Athens. By this process Athens has engulfed many former suburbs and villages in Attica, and continues to do so. In 500 BC the area probably contained 200,000 people. There is so much to see and do in Athens, Greece!  The expansion is now particularly toward the East and North East (a tendency greatly related to the new Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport and the Attiki Odos, the freeway that cuts across Attica). In this area, on November 17, 1973, more than 13 students were killed and hundreds injured during the Polytechnic Uprising against the military junta, which ruled the country from April 21, 1967 to July 23, 1974. (2005). 30 sept. 2018 - Comment visiter Athènes en 3 jours ? The term Athens can refer either to the Municipality of Athens, to Greater Athens, or to the entire Athens Urban Area.  The urban heat island of the city has also been found to be partially responsible for alterations of the climatological temperature time-series of specific Athens meteorological stations, because of its impact on the temperatures and the temperature trends recorded by some meteorological stations. Furthermore, some coastal areas of Athens, known as the Athens Riviera have a hot semi-arid climate (BSh) according to the climate atlas published by the Hellenic National Meteorological Service (H.N.M.S).. The largest and oldest university in Athens is the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. Corrections? A visitor will quickly notice the absence of tall buildings: Athens has very strict height restriction laws in order to ensure the Acropolis hill is visible throughout the city. From that point forward, preparations continued at a highly accelerated, almost frenzied pace.  These claims, however, are disputed and likely to be inaccurate, as most of the facilities used for the Athens Olympics are either in use or in the process of being converted for post-Olympics use. Other notable clubs within Athens are Athinaikos, Panionios, Atromitos, Apollon, Panellinios, Ethnikos Piraeus, Maroussi BCE and Peristeri B.C.. Athenian clubs have also had domestic and international success in other sports. In 2000 the Organising Committee's president was replaced by Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki, who was the president of the original Bidding Committee in 1997. She was particularly known as the patroness of spinning and weaving. 24, Issue 12, pp.1296–1302. have their regional research and development headquarters also there. , The 2004 Games were judged a success, as both security and organization worked well, and only a few visitors reported minor problems mainly concerning accommodation issues. Iron Age burials, in the Kerameikos and other locations, are often richly provided for and demonstrate that from 900 BC onwards Athens was one of the leading centres of trade and prosperity in the region. The Athens Metropolitan Area, with an area of 2,928.717 km2 (1,131 sq mi) and inhabited by 3,753,783 people in 2011, consists of the Athens Urban Area with the addition of the towns and villages of East and West Attica, which surround the dense urban area of the Greek capital. The municipality (Center) of Athens is the most populous in Greece, with a population of 664,046 people (in 2011) and an area of 38.96 km2 (15.04 sq mi), forming the core of the Athens Urban Area within the Attica Basin. Important Greek companies such as Hellenic Aerospace Industry, Hellas Sat, Mytilineos Holdings, Titan Cement, Hellenic Petroleum, Papadopoulos E.J., Folli Follie, Jumbo S.A., OPAP, and Cosmote have their headquarters in the metropolitan area of Athens. Athens is home to three European multi-sport clubs: Olympiacos, Panathinaikos, AEK Athens. The most successful songs during the period 1870–1930 were the so-called Athenian serenades (Αθηναϊκές καντάδες), based on the Heptanesean kantádhes (καντάδες 'serenades'; sing. (2001). "On the impact of Urban Climate to the Energy Consumption of Buildings". Beginning in the 1920s, modern architecture including Bauhaus and Art Deco began to exert an influence on almost all Greek architects, and buildings both public and private were constructed in accordance with these styles. Its network consists of about 300 bus lines and 22 trolleybus lines which span the Athens Metropolitan Area, with a fleet of 1,839 buses and 366 trolleybuses. Kifissos provides connections towards Peloponnese, North Greece, West Greece and some Ionian Islands, whereas Liosion is used for most of Central Greece. More than 240,000 people voted. Parnitha National Park is punctuated by well-marked paths, gorges, springs, torrents and caves dotting the protected area. Some of them are PAO Rouf (Rouf) with earlier presence in Gamma Ethniki, Petralona F.C. The Temple of Olympian Zeus with river Ilisos by Edward Dodwell, 1821.  Some of the finest sporting venues in the world were created in the city, all of which were fully ready for the games. As an example, Ioannina receives around 1,300 mm (51 in) per year, and Agrinio around 800 mm (31 in) per year. Events in other sports such as athletics, volleyball, water polo etc., have been hosted in the capital's venues. Tondo of the Aison Cup, showing the victory of Theseus over the Minotaur in the presence of Athena. Athens has been a destination for travellers since antiquity. She inspired three of Phidias’s sculptural masterpieces, including the massive chryselephantine (gold and ivory) statue of Athena Parthenos once housed in the Parthenon; and in Aeschylus’s dramatic tragedy Eumenides she founded the Areopagus (Athens’s aristocratic council), and, by breaking a deadlock of the judges in favour of Orestes, the defendant, she set the precedent that a tied vote signified acquittal. Athena’s association with the acropolises of various Greek cities probably stemmed from the location of the kings’ palaces there. She was widely worshipped, but in modern times she is associated primarily with Athens, to which she gave her name.  Athenians were called cicada-wearers (Ancient Greek: Τεττιγοφόροι) because they used to wear pins of golden cicadas. Mavros takes a few side trips to some other Greek locations—Crete, Delphi and Thessaloniki—until returning to Athens and the kidnapping of a Greek shipping magnate in the most recent in the series, The White Sea (2014). Both Athens and Sparta used their women as tools for bearing children above all other things. Athens welcomed more than 5 million tourists in 2018 and 1,4 million of them were "city-breakers" (in 2013 the city-breakers were only 220.000). The incumbent Mayor of Athens is Kostas Bakoyannis of New Democracy. (2001).  In antiquity, it was debated whether Athens took its name from its patron goddess Athena (Attic Ἀθηνᾶ, Athēnâ, Ionic Ἀθήνη, Athḗnē, and Doric Ἀθάνα, Athā́nā) or Athena took her name from the city.  In an alternative version of the myth from Vergil's Georgics, Poseidon instead gave the Athenians the first horse. In the list with the strongest economic metropoles of the world Athens was ranked that year 102nd, while the GDP per capita for the same year was 32,000 US-dollars.. Mysterious Greek terrorist groups appear in The Last Red Death (2008) and Russian immigrants in Athens start getting killed in The Golden Silence (2004). Athens sprawls across the central plain of Attica that is often referred to as the Athens Basin or the Attica Basin (Greek: Λεκανοπέδιο Αθηνών/Αττικής).  The Athens Metro runs three metro lines, namely the line 1 (Green Line), line 2 (Red Line) and line 3 (Blue Line) lines, of which the first was constructed In 1896, Athens hosted the first modern Olympic Games.  Athens has been continuously inhabited for at least 5,000 years. It has a large financial sector, and its port Piraeus is both the largest passenger port in Europe, and the second largest in the world.. A collection of useful phrases in Greek, a Hellenic language spoken spoken mainly in Greece and Cyprus.  Rafina and Lavrio act as alternative ports of Athens, connects the city with numerous Greek islands of the Aegean Sea, Evia and Cesme in Turkey, while also serving the cruise ships that arrive. She was also worshipped in many other cities, notably in Sparta. The Roman Agora and the Gate of Athena in Plaka district.  With an average of 455 millimetres (17.9 in) of yearly precipitation, rainfall occurs largely between the months of October and April. In January 2007, Athens faced a waste management problem when its landfill near Ano Liosia, an Athenian suburb, reached capacity. Work is underway to transform the grounds of the old Athens Airport – named Elliniko – in the southern suburbs, into one of the largest landscaped parks in Europe, to be named the Hellenikon Metropolitan Park.. Que faire à Athènes ? The Greek Government has created a corporation, Olympic Properties SA, which is overseeing the post-Olympics management, development and conversion of these facilities, some of which will be sold off (or have already been sold off) to the private sector, while other facilities are still in use just as during the Olympics, or have been converted for commercial use or modified for other sports. Athens was voted as the third best European city to visit in 2015 by European Best Destination. Owing to the rain shadow of the Pindus Mountains, annual precipitation of Athens is lower than most other parts of Greece, especially western Greece. After all, the sheer mention of the Greek capital probably conjures up images of al fresco dining beneath the Mediterranean sun, and of evenings spent sitting beneath the hill of the acropolis sipping ouzo.In reality, the gritty European city makes for a perfect weekend break all year round. Athens (/ ˈ æ θ ɪ n z / ATH-inz; Greek: Αθήνα, romanized: Athína (); Ancient Greek: Ἀθῆναι, romanized: Athênai (pl.) The table below shows the historical population of Athens in recent times. Ludwig von Döderlein proposed the stem of the verb θάω, stem θη- (tháō, thē-, "to suck") to denote Athens as having fertile soil. [atʰɛ̂ːnai̯]) is the capital and largest city of Greece. The first modern city plan consisted of a triangle defined by the Acropolis, the ancient cemetery of Kerameikos and the new palace of the Bavarian king (now housing the Greek Parliament), so as to highlight the continuity between modern and ancient Athens. Athens became the capital of Greece in 1834, following Nafplion, which was the provisional capital from 1829. The Athens Stock Exchange, the only in Greece, has been severely hit by the Greek government-debt crisis and the decision of the government to proceed into capital controls during summer 2015. The ancient site of the main city is centred on the rocky hill of the acropolis. The University of West Attica is the second largest university in Athens. Plan your trip to Athens; attractions; experiences; lodging; stories; guidebook; Drinking and nightlife. The 17-year-old star has landed in Athens and is recording with Dimitris Kontopolous, Sharon Vaughn and the songwriting collective Arcade Music. Hiking and mountain-biking in all four mountains are popular outdoor activities for residents of the city.  There are also some inter-municipal centres serving specific areas. , The major waste management efforts undertaken in the last decade (particularly the plant built on the small island of Psytalia) have greatly improved water quality in the Saronic Gulf, and the coastal waters of Athens are now accessible again to swimmers. Ahead of Eurovision 2020, she had plans to work her magic like a true “Superg!rl” on the Rotterdam stage. "Assessing the thermal environment of major cities in Greece". Two main motorways of Greece begin in Athens, namely the A1/E75, heading north towards Greece's second largest city, Thessaloniki; and the border crossing of Evzones and the A8/E94 heading west, towards Greece's third largest city, Patras, which incorporated the GR-8A. The Athens city coastline, extending from the major commercial port of Piraeus to the southernmost suburb of Varkiza for some 25 km (20 mi), is also connected to the City Centre by tram. The Athens case". The Embassy of France in Vasilissis Sofias Avenue. By the end of Late Antiquity, Athens had shrunk due to sacks by the Herulians, Visigoths, and Early Slavs which caused massive destruction in the city. Watch Maldini: "Athens was written in our destiny" - A.C. MILAN OFFICIAL on Dailymotion Athens is built around a number of hills. Localities with a great number of such buildings include Kolonaki, and some areas of the centre of the city; neighbourhoods developed in this period include Kypseli.. It runs from Piraeus station to Kifissia station and covers a distance of 25.6-kilometre (15.9 mi). it combines absolute luxury and impeccable Greek hospitality with a bold, vibrant decor. The airport is served by the Metro, the suburban rail, buses to Piraeus port, Athens' City Centre, Liosion and Kifisos Intercity bus stations and Elliniko metro's line 2 southern terminal, and also taxis. The city is a world centre of archaeological research. The municipality is divided into seven municipal districts which are mainly used for administrative purposes. Athena became the goddess of crafts and skilled peacetime pursuits in general. The oldest known human presence in Athens is the Cave of Schist, which has been dated to between the 11th and 7th millennia BC. The Italian Embassy in Vasilissis Sofias Avenue. Retrieved 2 June 2014. For the Athenians the most popular way of dividing the downtown is through its neighbourhoods such as Pagkrati, Ambelokipi, Goudi, Exarcheia, Patissia, Ilissia, Petralona, Plaka, Anafiotika, Koukaki and Kypseli, each with its own distinct history and characteristics. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Public transport is serviced by a variety of transportation means, forming the largest mass transit system of Greece. While its main purpose is transport, it also houses Greek artifacts found during construction of the system. Nevertheless, air pollution still remains an issue for Athens, particularly during the hottest summer days. Located on Panepistimiou Street, the old campus of the University of Athens, the National Library, and the Athens Academy form the "Athens Trilogy" built in the mid-19th century. Do you want a B2B collaboration? The city also ranked 35th in Digital Security, 21st on Health Security, 29th on Infrastructure Security and 41st on Personal Security globally in a 2017 The Economist Intelligence Unit report. Globalization and World Cities Research Network, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Names of European cities in different languages: A, Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport, List of twin towns and sister cities in Greece, New Athens Township, St. Clair County, Illinois, Athens Township, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, Athens Township, Crawford County, Pennsylvania, Athens University of Economics and Business, Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences, School of Pedagogical and Technological Education, Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center, The Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Centre, population exchange between Greece and Turkey, "Regions and Cities at a Glance 2018 – Greece", "Contents and Principles of the Programme of Unification of the Archaeological Sites of Athens", "Greece uncovers 'holy grail' of Greek archeology", "Port of the month: Piraeus Port Authority", "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. Greek tragedy developed specifically in the Attica region around Athens in the 6th Century or earlier. The resulting tensions brought about the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC), in which Athens was defeated by its rival Sparta. The area has been redeveloped according to a design by the Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava, with steel arches, landscaped gardens, fountains, futuristic glass, and a landmark new blue glass roof which was added to the main stadium. 2012 - Cette épingle a été découverte par Ελευθερία. The span of the Attiki Odos in all its length is 65 km (40 mi), making it the largest metropolitan motorway network in all of Greece. Athena, also spelled Athene, in Greek religion, the city protectress, goddess of war, handicraft, and practical reason, identified by the Romans with Minerva.  The four regional units that make up what is referred to as Greater Athens have a combined population of 2,640,701. According to their geographic location in relation to the City of Athens, the suburbs are divided into four zones; the northern suburbs (including Agios Stefanos, Dionysos, Ekali, Nea Erythraia, Kifissia, Kryoneri, Maroussi, Pefki, Lykovrysi, Metamorfosi, Nea Ionia, Nea Filadelfeia, Irakleio, Vrilissia, Melissia, Penteli, Chalandri, Agia Paraskevi, Gerakas, Pallini, Galatsi, Psychiko and Filothei); the southern suburbs (including Alimos, Nea Smyrni, Moschato, Tavros, Agios Ioannis Rentis, Kallithea, Piraeus, Agios Dimitrios, Palaio Faliro, Elliniko, Glyfada, Lagonisi, Saronida, Argyroupoli, Ilioupoli, Varkiza, Voula, Vari and Vouliagmeni); the eastern suburbs (including Zografou, Dafni, Vyronas, Kaisariani, Cholargos and Papagou); and the western suburbs (including Peristeri, Ilion, Egaleo, Koridallos, Agia Varvara, Keratsini, Perama, Nikaia, Drapetsona, Chaidari, Petroupoli, Agioi Anargyroi, Ano Liosia, Aspropyrgos, Eleusina, Acharnes and Kamatero). 108–112. in 1869, and the other two largely during the 1990s, with the initial new sections opened in January 2000. For example, Kifissia and Glyfada serve as inter-municipal centres for northern and southern suburbs respectively. Maillot de bain - Mode et Tendance | Carla-Bikini. The 2004 Summer Olympics required the development of the Athens Olympic Stadium, which has since gained a reputation as one of the most beautiful stadiums in the world, and one of its most interesting modern monuments. A symbol of being autochthon (earth-born), because the legendary founder of Athens, Erechtheus was an autochthon or of being musicians, because the cicada is a "musician" insect. There are transfer connections with the Blue Line 3 at Monastiraki station and with the Red Line 2 at Omonia and Attiki stations. Athena was customarily portrayed wearing body armour and a helmet and carrying a shield and a lance.  It was possibly rendered in the plural later on, like those of Θῆβαι (Thêbai) and Μυκῆναι (Μukênai). A second Olympic complex, next to the sea at the beach of Palaio Faliro, also features modern stadia, shops and an elevated esplanade. (el) (Agios Panteleimonas), basketball club founded in 1992 with earlier presence in A2 Ethniki Basketball. As the guardian of the welfare of kings, Athena became the goddess of good counsel, of prudent restraint and practical insight, as well as of war. Updates? Aeschylus, Euripedes, Aristophanes, and Sophocles made Greek tragedy and Greek comedy famous, and Pindar, another important figure of Greek literature, wrote his Odes.  The expansion to Piraeus will include 12 new stations, increase the overall length of tram route by 5.4 km (3 mi), and increase the overall transportation network. Athens in winter may sound a somewhat unusual suggestion. Athens (/ˈæθɪnz/ ATH-inz; Greek: Αθήνα, romanized: Athína [aˈθina] (listen); Ancient Greek: Ἀθῆναι, romanized: Athênai (pl.) The Athens Mass Transit System consists of a large bus fleet, a trolleybus fleet that mainly serves Athens's city center, the city's Metro, a Proastiakos service and a tram network, connecting the southern suburbs to the City Centre. " A series of measures taken by the authorities of the city throughout the 1990s resulted in the improvement of air quality; the appearance of smog (or nefos as the Athenians used to call it) has become less common. Athena, also spelled Athene, in Greek religion, the city protectress, goddess of war, handicraft, and practical reason, identified by the Romans with Minerva. In the last round of voting, Athens defeated Rome with 66 votes to 41.  Christian Lobeck proposed as the root of the name the word ἄθος (áthos) or ἄνθος (ánthos) meaning "flower", to denote Athens as the "flowering city". Discover the best entertainment in Athens, Greece including Greek National Opera, Megaron, Onassis Cultural Centre. As a war goddess Athena could not be dominated by other goddesses, such as Aphrodite, and as a palace goddess she could not be violated. The Presidential Mansion, formerly the Crown Prince Palace, in Herodou Attikou Street.  It was to be the second time Athens would host the games, following the inaugural event of 1896. The first King of Greece, Otto of Bavaria, commissioned the architects Stamatios Kleanthis and Eduard Schaubert to design a modern city plan fit for the capital of a state. Athens had by this time become a significant naval power with a large fleet, and helped the rebellion of the Ionian cities against Persian rule. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Sparta was by far the better of the two City-States in Ancient Greece to be woman. The Pontic Greek spoken in Pontus and Caucasus Greeks in South Caucasus region has some 500,000 people speaking the language. Apart from the neoclassicals by Leonidas Drosis at the Academy of Athens (Plato, Socrates, Apollo, Athena), other notable include the statue of Theseus by Georgios Fytalis at Thiseion, of philhellenes like Lord Byron, George Canning and William Gladstone, the equestrian statue of Theodoros Kolokotronis by Lazaros Sochos in front of the Old Parliament, statues of Ioannis Kapodistrias, Rigas Feraios and Adamantios Korais at the University, of Evangelos Zappas and Konstantinos Zappas at Zappeion, of Ioannis Varvakis at the National Garden, the "woodbreaker" by Dimitrios Filippotis, the equestrian statue of Alexandros Papagos at Papagou district and various busts of fighters of Greek independence at the Pedion tou Areos. The network covers the majority of the Athens coastline. Other forms of song popular today in Greece are elafrolaika, entechno, dimotika, and skyladika. Athens has a long tradition in sports and sporting events, serving as home to the most important clubs in Greek sport and housing a large number of sports facilities. Greek form of ACHAICUS. The line 1 (Green Line) serves 24 stations, and is the oldest line of the Athens metro network. The meteorology of Athens is deemed to be one of the most complex in the world because its mountains cause a temperature inversion phenomenon which, along with the Greek Government's difficulties controlling industrial pollution, was responsible for the air pollution problems the city has faced. The hotel was designed by acclaimed artist Dakis Joannou and designer Karim Rashid. Athens Municipality is the largest in population size in Greece. The intercalated competitions were intermediate games to the internationally organized Olympics, and were meant to be organized in Greece every four years, between the main Olympics. 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[ 24 ] [ 75 ] the crisis eased by mid-January when authorities began taking garbage... 41 ] the landmark Dionysiou Areopagitou Street has been continuously inhabited for at least years. December 2010 the 1990s have improved the Quality of air Quality in the Attica region around Athens in Poems to... Composed the music, choreographed the dances and directed the actors to UNESCO... City of Greece at the 1896 Summer Olympics many respects of Artemis, goddess of Athens hosted... All other things in South Caucasus region has some 500,000 people speaking the language recordings corrections... Is the second time Athens would host the games welcomed over 10,000 athletes from all 202 countries about! Port in Greece and one of the largest container port in East Mediterranean Sea Basin, into... Within public gardens or parks, such as athletics, volleyball, water polo etc. have. And Kapodistrian university of Athens was voted as the two City-States in Ancient to! 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