Several powerful Somali states dominated the Indian Ocean trade from the 13th century onward. PressTV . In 2017, Somalia elected a new president and collected a record amount of foreign aid and investment, a positive sign for economic recovery. Iran vs. Israel Ethiopian Music : Rahel Getu (Tilobign) ራሄል ጌቱ (ጥሎብኝ) - New Ethiopian Music 2019(Official Video) - Duration: 5:13. Insecurity, drought, floods, food shortages, and a lack of economic opportunities are the driving factors. Habesha/Oromo phenotype Vs Somali phenotype. The TFG included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Parliament (TFP). You would be surprised. More than 60% of Somalia’s population is younger than 25, and the fertility rate is among the world’s highest at almost 6 children per woman – a rate that has decreased little since the 1970s. The Soviet Union disapproved of the invasion and ceased its support of Somalia, instead starting to support Ethiopia. VIP. » More, Regions: China vs. Japan note: the inaugural House of the People was appointed in September 2012 by clan elders; in 2016 and 2017, the Federal Parliament became bicameral with elections scheduled for 10 October 2016 for the Upper House and 23 October to 10 November 2016 for the House of the People; while the elections were delayed, they were eventually held in most regions despite voting irregularities; on 27 December 2016, 41 Upper House senators and 242 House of the People members were sworn in, note: Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa, and the three main colors of her flag (adopted ca. Top Selling Games Ethiopia has the lowest level of income-inequality in Africa and one of the lowest in the world, with a Gini coefficient comparable to that of the Scandinavian countries. Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. Greece vs. Turkey cause my cousin married an ethiopian girl. Ethiopian peoples have been mixing with other ethnic groups from Biblical times and the result of the different facial features and skin tones highlight that fact. Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia, slightly less than twice the size of Texas, almost five times the size of Alabama; slightly smaller than Texas, tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation, principally desert; northeast monsoon (December to February), moderate temperatures in north and hot in south; southwest monsoon (May to October), torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons, high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley, mostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in north, small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower, uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, likely oil reserves, recurring droughts; frequent dust storms over eastern plains in summer; floods during rainy season, deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; loss of biodiversity; water shortages in some areas from water-intensive farming and poor management; industrial pollution and pesticides contribute to air, water, and soil pollution, water scarcity; contaminated water contributes to human health problems; improper waste disposal; deforestation; land degradation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification, strategic location on Horn of Africa along southern approaches to Bab el Mandeb and route through Red Sea and Suez Canal, highest density is found in the highlands of the north and middle areas of the country, particularly around the centrally located capital city of Addis Ababa; the far east and southeast are sparsely populated as shown in this, distribution varies greatly throughout the country; least densely populated areas are in the northeast and central regions, as well as areas along the Kenyan border; most populated areas are in and around the cities of Mogadishu, Marka, Boorama, Hargeysa, and Baidoa as shown on this, Oromo 34.9%, Amhara (Amara) 27.9%, Tigray (Tigrinya) 7.3%, Sidama 4.1%, Welaita 3%, Gurage 2.8%, Somali (Somalie) 2.7%, Hadiya 2.2%, Afar (Affar) .6%, other 12.6%, Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including 30,000 Arabs), Ethiopian Orthodox 43.8%, Muslim 31.3%, Protestant 22.8%, Catholic 0.7%, traditional .6%, other 0.8%, Sunni Muslim (Islam) (official, according to the 2012 Transitional Federal Charter), Oromo (official working language in the State of Oromiya) 33.8%, Amharic (official national language) 29.3%, Somali (official working language of the State of Sumale) 6.2%, Tigrigna (Tigrinya) (official working language of the State of Tigray) 5.9%, Sidamo 4%, Wolaytta 2.2%, Gurage 2%, Afar (official working language of the State of Afar) 1.7%, Hadiyya 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, Opuuo 1.2%, Kafa 1.1%, other 8.1%, English (major foreign language taught in schools), Arabic, Somali (official, according to the 2012 Transitional Federal Charter), Arabic (official, according to the 2012 Transitional Federal Charter), Italian, English, 2.282 million MOGADISHU (capital), 989,000 Hargeysa, 9 ethnically based regional states (kililoch, singular - kilil) and 2 self-governing administrations* (astedaderoch, singular - astedader); Adis Abeba* (Addis Ababa), Afar, Amara (Amhara), Binshangul Gumuz, Dire Dawa*, Gambela Hizboch (Gambela Peoples), Hareri Hizb (Harari People), Oromiya (Oromia), Sumale (Somali), Tigray, Ye Debub Biheroch Bihereseboch na Hizboch (Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples), 18 regions (plural - NA, singular - gobolka); Awdal, Bakool, Banaadir, Bari, Bay, Galguduud, Gedo, Hiiraan, Jubbada Dhexe (Middle Jubba), Jubbada Hoose (Lower Jubba), Mudug, Nugaal, Sanaag, Shabeellaha Dhexe (Middle Shabeelle), Shabeellaha Hoose (Lower Shabeelle), Sool, Togdheer, Woqooyi Galbeed, oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world - at least 2,000 years (may be traced to the Aksumite Kingdom, which coalesced in the first century B.C. Title rights in urban areas, particularly Addis Ababa, are poorly regulated, and subject to corruption. Somalia scores very low for most humanitarian indicators, suffering from poor governance, protracted internal conflict, underdevelopment, economic decline, poverty, social and gender inequality, and environmental degradation. Nomads and semi-pastoralists, who are dependent upon livestock for their livelihood, make up a large portion of the population. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. / ˈ ɒr əm oʊ / or / ɔː ˈ r oʊ m oʊ /; Oromo: Oromoo) are a Cushitic ethnic group and nation native to Ethiopia and Kenya who speak the Oromo language.They are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia and represent 34.5% of Ethiopia's population. Bossaso in Puntland overtook Obock, Djibouti, as the primary departure point in mid-2014. As of 2016, more than 1.1 million Somali refugees were hosted in the region, mainly in Kenya, Yemen, Egypt, Ethiopia, Djibouti, and Uganda, while more than 1.1 million Somalis were internally displaced. Yet despite progress toward eliminating extreme poverty, Ethiopia remains one of the poorest countries in the world, due both to rapid population growth and a low starting base. Somalia’s western border was arbitrarily determined by colonial powers and divides the lands traditionally occupied by the Somali people. France vs. Germany Despite the conflict in Yemen, thousands of Somalis and other refugees and asylum seekers from the Horn of Africa risk their lives crossing the Gulf of Aden to reach Yemen and beyond (often Saudi Arabia). ), 8.96 (2007), 8.69 (2006), 8.68 (2005), 8.6356 (2004), Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia, principally desert; northeast monsoon (December to February), moderate temperatures in north and hot in south; southwest monsoon (May to October), torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons, tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation. geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts, volcanism: volcanic activity in the Great Rift Valley; Erta Ale (613 m), which has caused frequent lava flows in recent years, is the country's most active volcano; Dabbahu became active in 2005, forcing evacuations; other historically active volcanoes include Alayta, Dalaffilla, Dallol, Dama Ali, Fentale, Kone, Manda Hararo, and Manda-Inakir, note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected, note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare. Nigeria vs. South Africa Apr 5, 2018 #1 I constantly hear people saying the closest people to Somalis are Ethiopians (obviously excluding Ogden) Well let's put it to the test and compare Habesha/Oromo phenotypes/features to that … Saturday February 15, 2020 The expansion of the Somaliland Port of Berbera and the meeting between Somaliland and Somalia leaders will be among the discussions points between Ethiopia Prime Minister Aby Ahmed and the United Arab Emirates leadership this weekend. Ethiopia’s rapid population growth is putting increasing pressure on land resources, expanding environmental degradation, and raising vulnerability to food shortages. Welcoming of the Ethiopian Somali Region State President and his delegates. While the use of modern contraceptive methods among married women has increased significantly from 6 percent in 2000 to 27 percent in 2012, the overall rate is still quite low. The Ethiopian–Somali conflict is a territorial and political dispute between the territories of present-day Ethiopia and Somalia.Lasting from the late 1940s, when the Ogaden region was handed over to Ethiopia by the British, into the present day, the tensions culminated in three wars and numerous military clashes alongside the borders. Der Name ist vom Volk der Somali abgeleitet, das die Bevölkerungsmehrheit bildet und auch in den Nachbarländern ansässig ist. Go. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in south-central Somalia) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. In 2017, the government devalued the birr by 15% to increase exports and alleviate a chronic foreign currency shortage in the country. Ethiopian-Somali Town-Hall Meeting. 4:40. India vs. Pakistan China vs. United States North Korea vs. South Korea. The demographics of Somalia (Somali: tirakoobka dadka Soomaaliyeed, Arabic: التركيبة السكانية في الصومال ) encompass the demographic features of Somalia's inhabitants, including ethnicity, languages, population density, education level, health, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. Einwohner gehören größtenteils dem Volk der Somali … Reuters. In 2009, the TFP amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011 and in 2011 Somali principals agreed to institute political transition by August 2012. Despite the lack of effective national governance, Somalia maintains an informal economy largely based on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, and telecommunications. The creation of the TFG was based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlined a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. Formalized economic growth has yet to expand outside of Mogadishu and a few regional capitals, and within the city, security concerns dominate business. 7:00. Despite civil war and famine raising its mortality rate, Somalia’s high fertility rate and large proportion of people of reproductive age maintain rapid population growth, with each generation being larger than the prior one. Somali is spoken by Somalis in Somalia,Djibouti, Ethiopia,Kenya, Yemen and by the Somali diaspora. Somalia vs Ethiopia Somalia Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas, The Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burma Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cent. Today Somalia is the world’s third highest source country for refugees, after Syria and Afghanistan. 2:50. 1895) were so often appropriated by other African countries upon independence that they became known as the Pan-African colors; the emblem in the center of the current flag was added in 1996. For more than a decade before 2016, GDP grew at a rate between 8% and 11% annually – one of the fastest growing states among the 188 IMF member countries. To support industrialization in sectors where Ethiopia has a comparative advantage, such as textiles and garments, leather goods, and processed agricultural products, Ethiopia plans to increase installed power generation capacity by 8,320 MW, up from a capacity of 2,000 MW, by building three more major dams and expanding to other sources of renewable energy. Current Affairs Ethiopia Vs Sudan heading ... but tigra are short, dark, ugly with flat big features, and very hard kinky hair on average, its the tigra mixed with eriterians/ canfaar, ahmaar, oromo, saho, jabarti etc who are better looking, anyways all ethiopian girls love somalis, specially Ogaden/Absame, when i go to adis, the habashi/oromo girls throw themselves at me, they rarely see … During the two decades of conflict that followed the fall of the SIAD regime in 1991, hundreds of thousands of Somalis fled their homes. note: in January 2020 the Ethiopian Government announced it had re-established a navy, which was disbanded in 1996; in March 2019 Ethiopia signed a defense cooperation agreement with France which stipulated that France would support the establishment of an Ethiopian navyin 2018, Ethiopia established a Republican Guard for protecting senior officials; the Republican Guard is a military unit accountable to the Prime Minister, Eritrea and Ethiopia agreed to abide by the 2002 Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission's (EEBC) delimitation decision, but neither party responded to the revised line detailed in the November 2006 EEBC Demarcation Statement; the undemarcated former British administrative line has little meaning as a political separation to rival clans within Ethiopia's Ogaden and southern Somalia's Oromo region; Ethiopian forces invaded southern Somalia and routed Islamist courts from Mogadishu in January 2007; "Somaliland" secessionists provide port facilities in Berbera and trade ties to landlocked Ethiopia; civil unrest in eastern Sudan has hampered efforts to demarcate the porous boundary with Ethiopia; Ethiopia's construction of a large dam (the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam) on the Blue Nile since 2011 has become a focal point of relations with Egypt and Sudan; as of 2020, four years of three-way talks between the three capitals over operating the dam and filling its reservoir had made little progress; Ethiopia plans to start filling the dam in July 2020, Ethiopian forces invaded southern Somalia and routed Islamist Courts from Mogadishu in January 2007; "Somaliland" secessionists provide port facilities in Berbera to landlocked Ethiopia and have established commercial ties with other regional states; "Puntland" and "Somaliland" "governments" seek international support in their secessionist aspirations and overlapping border claims; the undemarcated former British administrative line has little meaning as a political separation to rival clans within Ethiopia's Ogaden and southern Somalia's Oromo region; Kenya works hard to prevent the clan and militia fighting in Somalia from spreading south across the border, which has long been open to nomadic pastoralists. The regional states are Afar, Amara (Amhara), Binshangul Gumuz, Gambela Hizboch (Gambela Peoples), Hareri Hizb (Harari People), Oromiya (Oromia), Sumale (Somali), Tigray, and Ye Debub Biheroch Bihereseboch na Hizboch (Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples). Somali (äthiopische Schrift: ሶማሌ Somale, auch ሱማሌ Sumale; offiziell englisch Somali Regional State SRS, amharisch የሶማሌ ክልል Yä-Somale Kələl, Somali Dawladda Deegaanka Soomaalida; auch Somali National Regional State SNRS, amharisch የሶማሌ ብሔራዊ ክልል Yä-Somale Bəherawi Kələl) ist eine Verwaltungsregion Äthiopiens. Since the defeat of the Derg in 1991, Ethiopians have migrated to escape violence among some of the country’s myriad ethnic groups or to pursue economic opportunities. Growth is putting increasing pressure on land resources, expanding environmental degradation, and.... 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